The recent phenomena that has sparked interest in everyone is artificial intelligence (AI), referring to a part of computer science where intelligent machines do the work rather than humans. AI is already used for learning, problem solving and speech recognition. This advanced technology mimics the human brain and can perform the same tasks on its own.
AI has become useful in many businesses as it cuts down tedious and long tasks that humans do. For instance, it is beneficial in the advertising industry, where machine learning abilities can filter through audience data and help create better campaign decisions based off of a reliable, mathematical formula. AI has also positively impacted animation and motion graphics, where it is further developing the heights to which animations can be created. Moreover, it makes the job of an animator or designer much easier now as opposed to before. They input instructions into an automated engine and the software interprets which variables are required to make the animation move.
Disney is known for using AI to generate storyboard animations just from scripts by using words such as “turn right” and having the animated character turn in that direction. However, it is important to note that this process is not as easy as described and requires a lot of work prior to it being able to work successfully. The Disney team explains that translating text to animation using AI is not as straightforward because certain sentences that are inputted and output animations, do not have a fixed structure. Therefore, the team had to build a neural network of different components such as a script-parsing modules that would automatically isolate relevant text from the scene and include it in the screenplay. It also included a universal language that processes complex sentences by using a set of linguistic rules that would extract information, put it into a simplified sentence and have it portrayed as an action.
Other fields in which animation and AI are being used together, for the betterment of society, is to create smarter cancer treatments and self-driving technology. Researchers at the University of Toronto and the University of Massachusetts Amherst, use deep learning algorithms to obtain large amounts of data to translate it into artificial intelligence. They have even applied the algorithms to software to introduce it into the animation and gaming industry.
Artificial intelligence definitely needs to be further developed but holds great potential for being the future of animation. Three ways that created an acceptance of artificial intelligence and has caused everyone to be so intrigued are:
- Access to cheaper graphing processing units (GPU’s) – This has created a higher standard for better graphics in video games. As GPU’s were in demand, they became mass-produced and very common resulting in the prices decreasing, making it affordable. AI software requires a lot of processors running at the same time, which works perfectly to cluster GPU’s together to fill AI software since it is affordable and accessible.
- Big data- For AI to exist and continue to do so well, it needed a lot of memory space and education in which it could study a topic and perform the task it is being asked, much like the human brain, except at a much faster speed.
- Algorithms- For AI to react quickly, neuronets need to be stacked into layers. For example to recognize a face, neuronets first need to recognize facial features, then build many different layers before it could understand the face.
AI can improve our lives in more ways than one can imagine and as it continues breaking boundaries, especially in the field of animation and motion graphics, it foreshadows a lot of growth and long-term usage.